A Small but Important Step: A Bird’s-Eye View of the ITLOS’ Advisory Opinion on Climate Change and International Law

Introduction ‘Historic’ and ‘unprecedented’ are two adjectives that could easily apply to the advisory opinion rendered by the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) on May 21, 2024. Of course, these adjectives have also been used to describe many other recent judgments delivered on the topic of […]

The ITLOS Advisory Opinion and Marine Geoengineering: More Questions, Few Answers

On May 21, 2024, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) released its long-awaited advisory opinion on climate change. The opinion was requested in 2022 by the Commission of Small Island States on Climate Change and International Law, which asked ITLOS to opine on States’ obligations to […]

Unlocking UNCLOS: How the ITLOS Advisory Opinion Delivers a Holistic Vision of Climate-relevant International Law

A long-standing conundrum of international environmental law is that the territorially-based, sectoral legal structures we have created to address environmental issues do not match the interconnected, interdependent nature of ecosystems. For many, this problem is writ large in the climate context. Whereas the science—synthesized in recent  assessments and special reports […]

The ITLOS Advisory Opinion on Climate Change: An introduction into the joint blog symposium

On May 21, 2024, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) delivered a long-awaited Advisory Opinion on climate change and international law. This marks the first time that an international tribunal has issued an advisory opinion on State obligations regarding climate change mitigation. The Advisory Opinion addresses […]

‘Greenwashing by omission? Comparing Repsol Cases in Spain and the UK’

Introduction There has been a common question emerging in recent greenwashing cases across Europe: to what extent must companies provide a holistic impression of their business in their advertisements? Companies that highlight only the sustainable or ‘green’ parts of their businesses have come under fire from consumers, NGOs and rival […]

Cities and the IRA’s Green Banks: Strategies for Engagement

In April 2024, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced funding recipients for its National Clean Investment Fund (NCIF) and Clean Communities Investment Accelerator (CCIA), two programs established by the 2022 Inflation Reduction Act (IRA). The NCIF and CCIA awards are a step towards implementing the “third leg of the […]

What Does the European Court of Human Rights’ First Climate Change Decision Mean for Climate Policy?

On 9 April the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) issued its first ever comprehensive decision in a climate litigation case. The judges of the Court’s Grand Chamber found that Switzerland was in breach of its positive obligations to protect the health, well-being and quality of life of Swiss citizens from the […]

Recommendations to Update the Antitrust Guidelines for Competitor Collaborations

Today, the Sabin Center for Climate Change Law and the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment jointly published a new report: Recommendations to Update the FTC and DOJ’s Guidelines for Collaboration Among Competitors. The guidelines help firms understand the antitrust principles and boundaries of any collaborations they may undertake with other […]