By Jacob Elkin

While the most prominent climate litigation to date has primarily focused on mitigation—reducing greenhouse gas emissions—adaptation litigation will also increase as climate impacts become more frequent, extreme, and intense. Adaptation cases frequently rely on evidence drawn from scientific research into past and future climate change.

Image by Joe Ravi pursuant to a CC-BY-SA 3.0 license.

In a white paper published today, the Sabin Center assesses the role of climate science in cases seeking adaptation measures and cases challenging planned or existing adaptation actions. Key questions that emerge from these cases include:

  • Whether government and corporate defendants have legal discretion to incorporate climate science into their decision-making differently than plaintiffs claim they should, or to ignore certain science altogether.
  • Whether the relevant climate impacts are foreseeable enough to justify or mandate adaptation measures that respond to those impacts.
  • Whether the relevant climate impacts have already occurred or will occur in a timeframe that is judicially cognizable.
  • Whether the judiciary has the expertise to determine questions pertaining to the validity and significance of climate science, or whether those questions should be left to other branches of government.

Building on past Sabin Center publications concerning the role of climate science in litigation and agency action, the paper concludes that climate science is a critical component of climate adaptation cases and that litigants should integrate the best available science into the cases they bring from the outset, but that key legal questions may prevent climate science from playing a determinative role in certain cases.

The white paper was written by Climate Law Fellow Jacob Elkin with generous support from the High Tide Foundation. Read the white paper here.

Add a comment

Comments are subject to moderation and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of
Columbia Law School or Columbia University.


This blog provides a forum for legal and policy analysis on a variety of climate-related issues. The opinions expressed here are solely those of the individual authors, and do not necessarily represent the views of the Center for Climate Change Law.

Climate Law Links




Academic Calendar  |  Resources for Employers  |  Campus Map & Directory  |  Columbia University  |  Jobs at Columbia  |  Contact Us

© Copyright 2022, Columbia Law School. For questions or comments, please contact the webmaster.